feet require specially designed shoes, ask your insurance plan about
covering the cost of the shoes. Medicare will cover foot exams and special
(orthotic) shoes or shoe inserts. Some medical supply shops specialize in
designing custom-fitted shoes for people with
diabetes who have abnormally shaped feet or pressure
sores on their feet.
Good shoes should fit well. To ensure that
your shoes fit well:
Some people with diabetes and the nerve pain -- or peripheral neuropathy that comes with it -- find relief in surprisingly simple ways. Sometimes a nice, warm (but not hot) bath is enough to relieve stress and nerve pain. If you have neuropathy, by the way, you might want to have someone else test the water to make sure it's not too hot. A massage can also help. Other people turn to biofeedback, meditation, relaxation techniques, or hypnosis -- all of which have been proven to help.
Buy shoes in the evening when your feet are
more likely to be swollen. This will give you a better fit throughout the
Tell the store clerk that you have diabetes. (If the clerk
doesn't know why that matters, find a store with a clerk who does
Look for shoes that have roomy toe boxes (the space around
the toes). Shoes with roomy toe boxes (not pointed toes) will help prevent
bunions and blisters.
Try on shoes wearing the kind of socks you
will usually wear with the shoes.
Good shoes should be made of comfortable materials. Good
shoes are made of materials that are flexible and breathable (don't make your
Athletic shoes are usually made of comfortable
Soft, flexible leather is a good shoe
Wear insoles if there is room in your shoes for
Good shoes should protect your feet.
Do not buy shoes with plastic tops or uppers or
sandals that have straps between the toes. Avoid plastic shoes in general. They
may rub your feet and cause blisters. They may also make your feet
Do not wear sandals. Sandals don't protect your toes and
feet from scrapes or cuts.
Do not buy shoes with very thin soles.
Thin soles can be easily punctured. They also do not protect your feet from hot
pavement or cold weather.
Do not go barefoot, even when you are
Good socks should protect your feet.
Socks should be cushioned. The best socks are
thick and cushioned.
Cotton or wool socks are better than polyester
or nylon socks.
Socks without seams are best because seams often
irritate toes or bony areas of the feet. If you wear socks with seams, position
the seam before putting on your shoes, and wear shoes that do not rub your
Stockings or nylons need to fit loosely around your toes to
leave room for movement when walking. Put them on, then pull at the toes to
create some wiggle room. Do not wear short stockings (thigh-highs or
knee-highs) or garters because these can interfere with your blood
When you wear new shoes, check your feet for
pressure spots, redness, or blisters twice a day. New shoes should be broken in
slowly. The first week, wear your new shoes only 1 to 2 hours a day. The second
week, wear your new shoes 2 to 3 hours a day. Increase the amount of time you
wear the new shoes each week. It is especially important to break in leather
Primary Medical Reviewer
E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine
Specialist Medical Reviewer
Jennifer Hone, MD - Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
July 1, 2011
WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise
July 01, 2011
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor.
Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this
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Your level is currently
If the level is below 70 and you are experiencing symptoms such as shaking, sweating or difficulty thinking, you will need to raise the number immediately. A quick solution is to eat a few pieces of hard candy or 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey. Recheck your numbers again in 15 minutes to see if the number has gone up. If not, repeat the steps above or call your doctor.
People who experience hypoglycemia several times in a week should call their health care provider. It's important to monitor your levels each day so you can make sure your numbers are within the range. If you are pregnant always consult with your health care provider.
Congratulations on taking steps to manage your health.
However, it's important to continue to track your numbers so that you can make lifestyle changes if needed. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.
Your level is high if this reading was taken before eating. Aim for 70-130 before meals and less than 180 two hours after meals.
Even if your number is high, it's not too late for you to take control of your health and lower your blood sugar.
One of the first steps is to monitor your levels each day. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.
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