Dental Problems and Diabetes
People with diabetes are more vulnerable to the millions of germs that live in your mouth and dental problems caused by them. As a result, people with diabetes are more likely to have infections of their gums and the bones that hold the teeth in place. Diabetes can also causes a decrease in blood supply to the gums making them more susceptible to disease. In addition, high blood sugar may cause dry mouth and make gum disease worse. The decrease in saliva can cause an increase in tooth decaying bacteria and plaque build up.
What Are the Symptoms of Dental Problems in Diabetes?
If you have diabetes, symptoms of dental problems include bleeding and sore gums, frequent infections, and bad breath.
How Can I Prevent These Dental Problems?
To prevent dental problems if you have diabetes, taking good care of your gums and teeth is very important. Here are some tips for preventing dental problems:
- Have a dental checkup every six months.
- Tell your dentist that you have diabetes and ask him or her to show you how to take proper care of your gums and teeth.
- Brush and floss your teeth at least twice a day
- If you smoke, quit.
- Maintain good blood sugar control.
If severe gum disease develops, surgery may save your teeth. But if that's not possible, you may have to have teeth pulled to prevent the infection from destroying the bone around your teeth.