Glycohemoglobin (HbA1c, A1c)
There is very little chance of a
problem from having blood sample taken from a vein.
- You may get a small bruise at the site. You can lower the
chance of bruising by keeping pressure on the site for several minutes.
- In rare cases, the vein may become swollen after the blood
sample is taken. This problem is called phlebitis. A warm compress can be used
several times a day to treat this.
- Ongoing bleeding can be a problem for people with bleeding
disorders. Aspirin, warfarin (Coumadin), and other blood-thinning medicines can
make bleeding more likely. If you have bleeding or clotting problems, or if you
take blood-thinning medicine, tell your doctor before your blood sample is
Glycohemoglobin is a blood test that
checks the amount of sugar (glucose) bound to
hemoglobin. The result is shown as a percentage. The
result of your A1c test can also be used to estimate your average blood sugar
level. This is called your estimated average glucose, or eAG. Your A1c level
may be reported without a total glycohemoglobin value. Your doctor will have
your test results in 1 to 2 days.
The American Diabetes Association (ADA) criteria to diagnose diabetes includes the option of testing A1c. The diagnosis of diabetes needs to be confirmed by repeating the same blood sugar test or doing a different test on another day.
The normal values listed here-called a reference range-are just a guide. These ranges vary from lab to lab, and your lab may have a different range for what?s normal. Your lab report should contain the range your lab uses. Also, your doctor will evaluate your results based on your health and other factors. This means that a value that falls outside the normal values listed here may still be normal for you or your lab.
Less than 5.7%
Prediabetes (increased risk for diabetes)
6.5% and higher
The ADA recommends that adults with diabetes have an A1c level less than 7%. If your A1c level is higher than
7%, you may need changes in your diabetes treatment.2
Talk to your doctor about your diabetes treatment plan and goals.
A1c and estimated average glucose (eAG)
| A1c %
plasma glucose (mg/dL)
||Estimated average plasma glucose (mmol/L)
A1c recommendations for children and teens
|Children younger than 6
||Less than 8.5%
|Children ages 6-12 years
||Less than 8%
|Teens ages 13-19 years
||Less than 7.5%
A glycohemoglobin A1c level higher than the level that is listed in the table above means that your diabetes has been poorly controlled over the last 2 to 3
Some medical conditions can increase A1c levels, but the
results may still be within a normal range. These conditions include
polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).
Corticosteroid treatment increases the A1c
A1c levels may be higher in children and adolescents with