If you have a parent, brother, or sister who has type 2 diabetes, you have a
greater chance of getting the disease.
Age. The risk for getting prediabetes and
type 2 diabetes increases with age. But the number of
children with type 2 diabetes is increasing. Usually, children who
get type 2 diabetes have a family history of the disease, are overweight, and
aren't physically active.
Race and ethnicity. African Americans,
Hispanics, Native Americans, Asian Americans, and Pacific Islanders are at
higher risk than whites for type 2 diabetes.
With a family history of type 2 diabetes, Linda says she should have
watched her weight more carefully. She wasn't too surprised by her prediabetes
diagnosis. But she got motivated right away to do what she could about
"I watched my mom inject herself with insulin every day.
Sometimes she needed my help. She had the hardest time keeping her blood sugar
down and figuring out what to eat. I don't want to go down that road if I can
There are some things you can do to reduce your chances
of getting prediabetes and diabetes:
Watch your weight. Being
overweight increases your risk for prediabetes and type 2 diabetes.
Your risk also increases if most of your
body fat is in your belly area. Losing even 5 to 10 percent of your body weight can reduce your risk.
Make healthy food choices. Eating a
balanced diet is one of the best things you can do for your
Be active. The less you exercise,
the greater your risk of getting prediabetes and type 2
diabetes.2 The more active you are, the more
sugar (glucose) your body uses for energy. This keeps the sugar from building
up in your blood.
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Your level is currently
If the level is below 70 and you are experiencing symptoms such as shaking, sweating or difficulty thinking, you will need to raise the number immediately. A quick solution is to eat a few pieces of hard candy or 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey. Recheck your numbers again in 15 minutes to see if the number has gone up. If not, repeat the steps above or call your doctor.
People who experience hypoglycemia several times in a week should call their health care provider. It's important to monitor your levels each day so you can make sure your numbers are within the range. If you are pregnant always consult with your health care provider.
Congratulations on taking steps to manage your health.
However, it's important to continue to track your numbers so that you can make lifestyle changes if needed. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.
Your level is high if this reading was taken before eating. Aim for 70-130 before meals and less than 180 two hours after meals.
Even if your number is high, it's not too late for you to take control of your health and lower your blood sugar.
One of the first steps is to monitor your levels each day. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.
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