Treatment for Gestational Diabetes
What Are the Treatments for Gestational Diabetes? continued...
To make sure the dietary adjustments and/or exercise are controlling blood sugar levels, your blood may be tested regularly, before meals and one or two hours after meals. You will most likely be taught how to monitor your own blood sugar at home with a simple machine called a glucometer.
If your blood sugar levels remain elevated despite dietary and lifestyle changes, you may need to give yourself insulin injections to keep your blood sugar in check and protect your baby. Only about 10% of women with gestational diabetes have to use insulin. In the United States, it is not recommend for pregnant women to take pills to control blood sugar due to potentially harmful effects on the baby. But some studies show this may be OK for some women.
Depending on how well your diabetes is controlled and how your pregnancy is progressing, your health care provider may monitor your baby more closely during the last weeks or months before your due date. If the baby appears to be growing very large, you may be given an ultrasound test to try to verify your baby's size.
While most women with gestational diabetes are able to have a normal labor and vaginal delivery, some health care providers prefer to deliver the baby earlier than the due date or may even suggest a cesarean section if the baby becomes too large.
After delivery, your health care provider will check to make sure that your blood sugar levels have returned to normal. You'll need to have your blood sugar levels rechecked about six weeks after delivery, and then yearly after that.