Diet Dos, Don'ts to Cut Diabetes Risk
Studies Suggest Eating Fruits, Vegetables and Cutting Down on Sugary Drinks
Low-Fat Diet: No Impact? continued...
For comparison, women in the other group weren't told to cut back on their
dietary fat. They got a pamphlet with the federal government's dietary
guidelines, but no counseling or group meetings.
None of the women in either group was asked to lose weight or get more
The study lasted for about eight years, and during that time, women in both
groups were equally likely to report being diagnosed with diabetes. So Tinker's
team concludes that cutting back on fat without exercising or losing weight may
not be enough to curb diabetes risk.
But there is a catch: The women in the low-fat group cut back on fat, but
not as much as they were supposed to.
Diet surveys showed that a year after the study began, the women in the
low-fat group got about 24% of their daily calories from fat (mostly from
saturated fat), and that this percentage edged up to almost 29% (still mostly
saturated fat) by the study's sixth year -- well over the 20% goal.
Trends in body weight were similar, with the low-fat women initially
showing an average 5.3-pound weight loss, but regaining most of that weight by
the end of the study.