Coffee, Tea May Stall Diabetes
Every Cup of Coffee Per Day Lowers Risk of Type 2 Diabetes by 7%
Dec. 14, 2009 -- Every cup of coffee a person drinks per day may lower the
risk of diabetes by 7%.
A new review of research on the link between lifestyle factors, like coffee
and tea consumption, and diabetes risk suggests that drinking regular or
decaffeinated coffee and tea all lower the risk of type 2 diabetes.
Researchers say the number of people with type 2 diabetes is expected to
increase by 65% by 2025, reaching an estimated 380 million people
“Despite considerable research attention, the role of specific dietary and
lifestyle factors remains uncertain, although obesity and physical inactivity
have consistently been reported to raise the risk of diabetes mellitus,” write
researcher Rachel Huxley, DPhil, of the George Institute for International
Health, University of Sydney, Australia, and colleagues in the Archives of
They say several studies have suggested that drinking coffee may lower the
risk of developing type 2 diabetes and others have shown that decaffeinated
coffee and tea may offer similar benefits, but there has not been a recent
review of the research on the issue.
In the study, researchers analyzed information from 18 studies on coffee and
diabetes and another 13 studies that included data on decaffeinated coffee and
tea drinking and diabetes. Overall, the studies involved nearly a million
The results showed that people who drink more coffee, whether it’s regular
or decaffeinated, or tea appear to have a lower risk of developing type 2
When the information from the individual studies was combined, researchers
found each additional cup of coffee drunk per day was associated with a 7%
lower risk of diabetes. People who drank three to four cups per day had about a
25% lower risk than those who drank two or fewer cups per day.
The study also showed that people who drank more than three to four cups of
decaffeinated coffee per day had about a one-third lower risk of developing
type 2 diabetes than those who didn’t drink any.
Tea drinkers who drank more than three to four cups of tea per day had about
a one-fifth lower risk of diabetes than those who didn’t drink tea.
Researchers say the protective effect of coffee and tea drinking appears to
be independent of other potentially confounding lifestyle factors and raises
the possibility that something in the beverages has a direct biological effect
on lowering the risk of type 2 diabetes.
Compounds in coffee and tea, such as magnesium and antioxidants, may also be
involved and merit further research.
If such beneficial effects
observed in interventional trials are real, "the implications for the
millions of individuals who have diabetes mellitus, or who are at future risk
of developing it, would be substantial," the researchers write. "For example,
the identification of the active components of these beverages would open up
new therapeutic pathways for the primary prevention of diabetes mellitus. It
could also be envisaged that we will advise our patients most at risk for
diabetes mellitus to increase their consumption of tea and coffee in addition
to increasing their levels of physical activity and weight loss."