Diabetes Risks Go Beyond Heart Attacks, Strokes
Study: 40% of Deaths in People With Diabetes Are Due to Non-Cardiovascular Causes
Diabetes and Cancer continued...
Though it’s not clear exactly how diabetes may increase cancer risk, the consensus statement notes: “The relative risks imparted by diabetes are greatest (about twofold or higher) for cancers of the liver, pancreas, and endometrium, and lesser (about 1.2-1.5 fold) for cancers of the colon and rectum, breast, and bladder. Other cancers (e.g., lung) do not appear to be associated with an increased risk in diabetes, and the evidence for others (e.g., kidney, non-Hodgkin lymphoma) is inconclusive. Few studies have explored links with type 1 diabetes.”
One common link may be insulin.
Often before people become diabetic, their bodies crank out ever higher levels of insulin because their cells stop responding to it, a condition called insulin resistance.
Insulin also contributes to inflammation, another process that can drive cancer.
Advice for People With Diabetes
“The main message for patients and doctors is probably we should think about non-vascular death,” says Di Angelantonio. “We should consider appropriate screening for cancer in patients with diabetes.”