4. High-protein diets are risky for some people with diabetes.
The correct answer is: TRUE
Research shows that people with kidney problems have faster loss of kidney function if they follow a high protein diet. If kidney function is normal, however, high protein intake likely won't cause kidney problems.
How much protein is too much? If you have kidney problems, the American Diabetes Association suggests you eat just 15% to 20% of calories from protein. And do your body a favor: Choose protein such as beans, fish, or chicken more often than fatty red meat. Fatty meat boosts the risk of heart disease.
If you want to lose weight, try a balanced diet that cuts calories by 500 calories a day. You should be able to lose 10% of your body weight without putting your kidneys at risk.
5. Artificial sweeteners are safe alternatives for people with diabetes
The correct answer is: TRUE
With low-calorie sweeteners, you can have sweetness that tastes as good as sugar, without the extra calories.
Artificial sweeteners like saccharin and aspartame have no calories or carbohydrates -- so they can be added to your meal plan rather than substituted for other carbs.
In fact, some new sugar substitutes -- like lactitol -- are great for baking. They have the same "bulk" that regular sugar has. Yet they have half the calories of sugar, and they don't raise blood sugar levels rapidly like sugar does.
Keep in mind, however, that artificial sweeteners still perpetuate a sweet tooth, making naturally sweetened foods not taste sweet enough. They are also highly processed. Certain sugar substitutes such as agave and honey will raise sugar levels. Some experts advocate trying to wean yourself from them to allow your taste buds to adapt over time to appreciate the natural sweetness in foods.
American Diabetes Association. DiabetesCare, 2003; vol 26, Supplement 1. Diabetes Spectrum, 2000; vol 13(3). WebMD Medical Reference provided in collaboration with The Cleveland Clinic: "Your Guide to Diabetes." The Calorie Control Council, "Reduced Calorie Sweeteners," 2004.
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If the level is below 70 and you are experiencing symptoms such as shaking, sweating or difficulty thinking, you will need to raise the number immediately. A quick solution is to eat a few pieces of hard candy or 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey. Recheck your numbers again in 15 minutes to see if the number has gone up. If not, repeat the steps above or call your doctor.
People who experience hypoglycemia several times in a week should call their health care provider. It's important to monitor your levels each day so you can make sure your numbers are within the range. If you are pregnant always consult with your health care provider.
Congratulations on taking steps to manage your health.
However, it's important to continue to track your numbers so that you can make lifestyle changes if needed. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.
Your level is high if this reading was taken before eating. Aim for 70-130 before meals and less than 180 two hours after meals.
Even if your number is high, it's not too late for you to take control of your health and lower your blood sugar.
One of the first steps is to monitor your levels each day. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.
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