diabetes, you may have high blood sugar levels
(hyperglycemia) or low blood sugar levels (hypoglycemia)
from time to time. A cold, the flu, or other sudden illness can cause high
blood sugar levels. You will learn to recognize the symptoms and distinguish
between high and low blood sugar levels.
Insulin and some types of
diabetes medicines can cause low blood sugar levels.
Learn how to recognize and manage high and low blood sugar levels
to help you avoid levels that can lead to medical emergencies, such as
diabetic ketoacidosis or
dehydration from high blood sugar levels or
loss of consciousness from severe low blood sugar
levels. Most high or low blood sugar problems can be managed at home by
following your doctor's instructions.
You can help avoid blood sugar problems by following your doctor's
instructions on the use of insulin or diabetes medicines, diet, and exercise.
Home blood sugar testing will help you determine
whether your blood sugar is within your
target range. If you have had very low blood sugar,
you may be tempted to let your sugar level run high so that you do not have
another low blood sugar problem. But it is most important that you keep your
blood sugar in your target range. You can do this by following your treatment
plan and checking your blood sugar regularly.
Children who have
diabetes need their parents' help to keep their blood sugar levels in a target
range and to exercise safely. Be sure that children learn the
symptoms of both
low blood sugar so they can tell others when they need help. There are many
support groups and diabetes education centers to help parents and children
understand about blood sugar, exercise, diet, and medicines.
especially may have a hard time keeping their blood sugar levels in control
because their bodies are growing and developing. Also, they want to be with
their friends and eat foods that may affect their blood sugar. Having diabetes
during the teenage years is not easy. But your teen is at an excellent age to
understand the disease and its treatment and to take over some of the
responsibilities of his or her care.
If your blood sugar level
reads too high or too low but you are feeling well, you may want to recheck
your sugar level or recalibrate your blood glucose meter. The problem may be
with either your blood sample or the machine.
High blood sugar (hyperglycemia)
High blood sugar occurs when the sugar (glucose) level in your blood
rises above normal. Eating too many calories, missing medicines (insulin or
pills), or having an infection or illness, injury, surgery, or emotional stress
can cause your blood sugar to rise.