If you have
diabetes, work with your doctor to keep your blood
sugar levels within your target range. By managing your blood sugar, you
can reduce the chances of developing
nephropathy, or you can slow the disease if you
already have it.1 Your doctor will want you to check
your blood sugar several times each day. For more information, see:
Check your blood pressure often, and also have it checked at your
doctor's office. The American Diabetes Association recommends a target blood
pressure of less than 130/80 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg).1 The level recommended by other groups may vary. Talk with
your doctor about the target blood pressure that is right for you. Learn to
check your blood pressure at home. For more information, see:
Do not smoke or use other tobacco products. People with diabetes
who smoke raise their risk of nephropathy, cardiovascular disease, and other
complications of diabetes.
Eat a moderate amount of protein. If you have nephropathy, your
doctor may recommend limiting protein. Limiting how much protein you eat may
help you preserve kidney function. Talk to your doctor or
dietitian about how much protein is best for
Limit salt. Your doctor may recommend that you cut back on
salt, because salt may make your high blood pressure worse.
What to Think About
If your diabetic nephropathy
becomes worse and kidney failure develops, you may need to follow a specific
diet. A dietitian can help you understand the requirements of this diet and
help you make healthy choices. For more information, see:
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Your level is currently
If the level is below 70 and you are experiencing symptoms such as shaking, sweating or difficulty thinking, you will need to raise the number immediately. A quick solution is to eat a few pieces of hard candy or 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey. Recheck your numbers again in 15 minutes to see if the number has gone up. If not, repeat the steps above or call your doctor.
People who experience hypoglycemia several times in a week should call their health care provider. It's important to monitor your levels each day so you can make sure your numbers are within the range. If you are pregnant always consult with your health care provider.
Congratulations on taking steps to manage your health.
However, it's important to continue to track your numbers so that you can make lifestyle changes if needed. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.
Your level is high if this reading was taken before eating. Aim for 70-130 before meals and less than 180 two hours after meals.
Even if your number is high, it's not too late for you to take control of your health and lower your blood sugar.
One of the first steps is to monitor your levels each day. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.
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