New or sudden vision loss. The
sudden onset of partial or complete vision loss is a symptom of many disorders
that can occur within or outside the eye, including retinal detachment or
bleeding within the eye. Sudden vision loss is always a medical
Watchful waiting is not an option if you have
diabetes and notice changes in your vision.
Diabetes can make huge demands on
you. For many patients, the daily routine involves painful finger sticks,
glucose tests, and insulin injections -- all in an effort to keep blood sugar
and diabetes under control.
But newer devices, such as
continuous glucose monitors, may make it easier for many of the nation's 21
million people with diabetes to control the disease, according to Aaron
Kowalski, PhD. Director of strategic research projects at the Juvenile Diabetes Research
If you have type 2 diabetes,
even if you do not have any symptoms of eye disease, you still need to have
your eyes and vision checked regularly by an eye specialist (ophthalmologist
or optometrist). If you wait until you have symptoms, it is more likely that
complications and severe damage to the
retina will have already developed. These may be harder to treat and may result in permanent vision loss.
If you have type 1 diabetes, are age 10 or older, and were diagnosed 5 or more years ago, you should have your eyes checked even if you don't have symptoms. If you wait until you have symptoms, it is more likely that complications and severe damage to the retina will have happened. These may be harder to treat. And the damage may be permanent.
Watchful waiting is not an option if you already
have diabetic retinopathy but do not have symptoms or vision loss. You will
need to return to your ophthalmologist for frequent evaluations (every few
months in some cases) so that your doctor can closely monitor changes in your
eyes. There is no cure for the disease, but treatment can slow its progression.
Your ophthalmologist can tell you how often you need to be evaluated.
Who To See
People who have diabetes need to see a doctor who
specializes in eye care for their eye evaluations.
If you have
diabetic retinopathy and need laser treatment or
surgery, you need to consult an ophthalmologist who specializes in treating the
retina and has special training in the care of eye
disease caused by diabetes.
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Your level is currently
If the level is below 70 and you are experiencing symptoms such as shaking, sweating or difficulty thinking, you will need to raise the number immediately. A quick solution is to eat a few pieces of hard candy or 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey. Recheck your numbers again in 15 minutes to see if the number has gone up. If not, repeat the steps above or call your doctor.
People who experience hypoglycemia several times in a week should call their health care provider. It's important to monitor your levels each day so you can make sure your numbers are within the range. If you are pregnant always consult with your health care provider.
Congratulations on taking steps to manage your health.
However, it's important to continue to track your numbers so that you can make lifestyle changes if needed. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.
Your level is high if this reading was taken before eating. Aim for 70-130 before meals and less than 180 two hours after meals.
Even if your number is high, it's not too late for you to take control of your health and lower your blood sugar.
One of the first steps is to monitor your levels each day. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.
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