Type 2 Diabetes in Children - Home Treatment
Your child needs to eat healthy
meals with appropriate portions to support growth and prevent weight gain. The
meal plan for your child will also spread
carbohydrate throughout the day to prevent high blood
sugar after meals. For information on healthy eating and weight management, see
Healthy Eating for Children.
learning about carbohydrate counting, see:
Diabetes in Children: Counting Carbs.
Encourage your child (age 6 to
17) to do moderate to vigorous activity at least 1�hour every day. If your
child enjoys watching TV or playing computer and video games, limit the time
spent in these activities.
Guidelines for child and teen fitness may help you encourage your child to play sports and take vigorous walks or go
bicycling with family members.
For children older than age 2: The
American Academy of Pediatrics advises parents to limit TV time to 2 hours a
day or less. For children age 2 and younger: To help your child's brain
develop, it's best to talk, play, sing, or read together instead of letting him
or her watch TV.
Work with your child's teachers and school to
make a plan to handle your child's special needs, including testing blood sugar
and eating snacks when needed.
For more information, see:
Diabetes in Children: Preparing a Care Plan for School.
Your child can take part in the same activities as other
children. For safety:
Home blood sugar monitoring
You and your child
will need to monitor his or her blood sugar frequently to know how well it is
under control. Talk with your doctor about a target range for
your child. Young children may need a higher blood sugar goal than adults
because of growth needs and to prevent very low blood sugar (hypoglycemia). As
your child grows older, the goal can be lowered so that it is closer to the
Diabetes in Children: Checking Blood Sugar in a Child
Your child may not need to take
insulin if his or her blood sugar levels are staying within a target range with
meal planning, exercise, and possibly oral medicine. But at some point your
child may need to take insulin because the
pancreas may produce less and less insulin.